The influence of soundscape on urban environmental quality: A study on the city of Popayan, Colombia

[Paper]

 

Julián Grijalba (Architect - Researcher)

Colegio Mayor del Cauca University, Colombia.

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6179-683X

 

Valerià Paül (Doctor in Territorial Planning and Regional Development - Professor)

University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3007-1523

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22320/07183607.2018.21.38.06

 

Keywords: Soundscape, Urban Noise, Sound Mapping, Urban Planning, Geographic Information Systems

 

Abstract

 

Urban soundscape consists of physical and perceptual characteristics. Its study makes it possible to understand the interaction between citizens and the acoustic environment where they live. This work examines the soundscape of the historic quarter of Popayán, Colombia. 121 measurements of noise and 50 records of perceived loudness in situ were made in order to obtain maps of the urban soundscape. These maps enabled the comprehensive assessment of the soundscape in the case-study area. The results verify the dependence of spatial and temporal behavioural patterns and suggest that their variability could influence the Latin American city’s sound experience. It can be concluded that soundscape should be considered during the urban planning process. From this perspective, parks and green areas should be taken into account not only for environmental and other well-known reasons but also to provide healthier and more balanced soundscapes for the city and its citizens. Likewise, for future studies, it is recommended the scale be extended, as well as the analysis of the relationship between public open space and its resulting soundscape.

Paisaje sonoro

Journal

Urbano

 

Numeration

Volume 21 - Number 28

 

Published

2018-11-30

 

Territory (ies) and multicultural identities. The agoras as spaces of identity in the communities of the Cauca corridor

[Paper]

 

Seber Ugarte (Doctor of Philosophy, Aesthetics and Theory of Arts - Professor)

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana de Cali, Colombia.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7701-6447

 

Eduardo Castro (Graphic Designer - Researcher)

University Institution Colegio Mayor del Cauca, Colombia.

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3000-8292

 

Julián Grijalba (Architect - Researcher)

University Institution Colegio Mayor del Cauca, Colombia.

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6179-683X

 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4013/sdrj.2019.122.13

 

Keywords: Culture, Identity, Social Mapping, Image, Soundscape

 

Abstract

 

The Cauca corridor, comprised between Santander de Quilichao and Piendamópopulations, is one of the many territorial realities that enrich both cultural and ethnographic diversity of Colombia. Many “new” dynamics are occurred in this region about this diversity, and the project that we present is focused on –from the creation-researching-and by means of a direct interpretation that territorial diversity. Based on the photography and the sound landscape, we pretend to show a possible idea of ​​cultural territory (ies), and it is surrounding the exhibiting sketch that this idea of ​​“habitat” has been forming.The difficulties that the project tackles put the focal point to demonstrate that “other” visions are possible thanks to the reflective spaces suggested by visual design and art; and especially define the problem around the new identitarian narratives arose from post-conflict. Supported by qualitative methodology, ethnographically, the project goes deep into the exploration of the multicultural territoriality. First, developing inspection dynamics and documentation of visual and sound perspectives around the socio-cultural speech and then, implementing from visual fields (photographic image) and sound (soundscapes) a contest understanding, of actors and / or “places”. We wanted to show a territory self-constructed as a defined cultural imaginary.

Paisaje sonoro

Journal

Strategic Design Research Journal

 

Numeration

Volume 12 - Issue 2

 

Published

2019-08

 

Sonic city

[Book]

 

Julián Grijalba (Architect - Researcher)

University Institution Colegio Mayor del Cauca, Colombia.

Andrés Córdoba (Master in Intercultural Studies - Researcher)

University Institution Colegio Mayor del Cauca, Colombia.

ISBN: 978-958-732-423-5

 

Abstract

 

Ciudad Sónica is presented as an important reference in the spatio-temporal evaluation of the urban soundscape. From its theoretical debate and methodological aspects, it invites us to reflect in depth on an issue, which has been timidly approached in various latitudes, especially in Latin America. Despite the fact that there are some studies and norms in this regard, their efforts are generally focused on the skewed view of the physical factor, which, based on predetermined limits, already considers talking about problems of "urban noise", without going beyond the measurement of traditional acoustic parameters (dBMin, dBLeq and dBMax). For this reason, the sensory components of sound are omitted: that is, its perceptual factor, understood as a reality that originates in the interaction between human beings and their closest acoustic environment. In this sense, the value of the soundscape in urban planning processes lies in the fact that the senses and emotions are the access route to the audible richness of the tangible space in which one inhabits; in this way, it is recognized that the sensory activity of the acoustic environment provides useful information for the improvement of the quality of life in the city. Indeed, this book questions the ways of understanding the wide spectrum of patterns and perceptions of urban sound, with the purpose of providing healthier and more balanced soundscapes to citizens.

Ciudad sónica

Editorial

University of Cauca

 

Edition

1st edition

 

Published

2019-09-04

 

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