Urban soundscape consists of physical and perceptual characteristics. Its study makes it possible to understand the interaction between citizens and the acoustic environment in which they live. This work examines the soundscape of the historic quarter of Popayán, Colombia. 121 measurements of noise and 50 records of perceived loudness in situ were made in order to obtain maps of the urban soundscape. These maps enabled the comprehensive assessment of the soundscape in the case-study area. The results verify the dependence of spatial and temporal behavioral patterns and suggest that their variability could influence the Latin American city’s sound experience. It can be concluded that soundscape should be considered during the urban planning process. From this perspective, parks and green areas should be taken into account not only for environmental and other well- known reasons, but also to provide healthier and more balanced soundscapes for the city and its citizens. Likewise, for future studies it is recommended the scale be extended, as well as the analysis of the relationship between public open space and its resulting soundscape.
Keywords: sound landscape, urban noise, sound maps, urban planning, GIS
Publication date: 2018-11-30